Romanian language lesson: The Present Indicative of the verbs in -ea (2nd conjugation)


The verbs with the infinitive ending in „-ea” are considered verbs of the 2nd conjugation.

[audio:http://www.romania-insider.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/present_indicative_of_the_verbs_in_ea.mp3|titles=present_indicative_of_the_verbs_in_ea]

Some models conjugation are bellow:

 

A avea (engl. to have), a tăcea (engl. to be silent), a vedea (engl. to see), a bea (engl. to drink)

A avea A tăcea
Eu am Eu tac
Tu ai Tu taci
El / ea are El / ea tace
Noi avem Noi tăcem
Voi aveți Voi tăceți
Ei /ele au Ei / ele tac

 

A vedea A bea
Eu văd Eu beau
Tu vezi Tu bei
El / ea vede El / ea bea
Noi vedem Noi bem
Voi vedeți Voi beți
Ei /ele văd Ei / ele beau

 

As we can see from the above examples, the root verbs have a lot of irregular forms. Nevertheless, we can formulate some rules: at the root verb we have to add some endings. For the verbs from the 2nd group, the endings for most of the verbs are, respectively, as follows: Ø, –i, –e, –em, –eți, Ø. The exception is the verb “to drink” (a bea), where the ending is “u” in the 1st person singular.

For most verbs, the 1st person in the singular is homonym with the 3rd person in the plural:

eu văd (I see) = ei văd (they see)

eu beau (I drink) = ei beau (they drink)

 

The negative form

In order to obtain the negative form, we will add the particle “nu” in front of the verbs.

 

A vedea A bea
Eu nu văd (I don’t see) Eu nu beau (I don’t drink)
Tu nu vezi (you don’t see) Tu nu bei (you don’t drink)
El / ea nu vede (he / she doesn’t see) El / ea nu bea (he / she doesn’t drink)
Noi nu vedem (we don’t see) Noi nu bem (we don’t drink)
Voi nu vedeți (you don’t see) Voi nu beți (you don’t drink)
Ei /ele nu văd (they don’t see) Ei / ele nu beau (they don’t drink)

Mona Pologea, PhD Linguist, Rolang School, Managing Director

Romania Insider
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