Romanian language lesson of the week: The fruits and the vegetables (Fructele și legumele)

Let’s learn the main fruits in Romanian:


Fructe (Fruits)

portocală, -e (s.f.) – engl. orange

banană, -e (s.f.) – engl. banana

măr, mere (s.n.) – engl. apple

pară, pere (s.f.) – engl. pear

caisă, -e (s.f.) – engl. apricot

căpșună, -i (s.f.) – engl. strawberry

cireașă, cireșe (s.f.) – engl. (sweet) cherry

vișină, -e (s.f.) – engl. (morello) cherry

grepfrut, -uri (s.n.) – engl. grapefruit

lămâie, lămâi (s.f.) – engl. lemon

mandarină, -e (s.f.) – engl. tangerine

pepene, pepeni (s.n.) – engl. melon

piersică, -i (s.f.) – engl. peach

prună, -e (s.f.) – engl. plum

zmeură, -e (s.f.) – engl. raspberry

strugure, -i (s.m.) – engl. grape

Legume (Vegetables)

roșie, -i (s.f.) – engl. tomato

ardei, ardei (s.m.) – engl. pepper

castravete, castraveți (s.m.) – engl. cucumber

ceapă, cepe (s.f.) – engl. onion

ridiche, -i (s.f.) – engl. radish

varză, verze (s.f.) – engl. cabbage

ciupercă, -i (s.f.) – engl. mushroom

fasole (s.f.) – engl. bean

mazăre (s.f.) – engl. pea

morcov, -i (s.m.) – engl. carrot

vânătă, vinete (s.f.) – engl. aubergine

conopidă, -e (s.f.) = engl. cauliflower

Abrevieri (Abbreviations)

s.f. = substantiv feminin (feminine noun)

s.m. = substantiv masculin (masculine noun)

s.n. = substantiv neutru (neuter noun)

Exercițiu (Exercise)

Translate the following sentences in Romanian:

I want to buy two oranges and three apples.

Do you have aubergines?

I don’t like these tomatoes.

Do you need a lemon?

We don’t have grapes anymore, we are sorry.

Mona Pologea, Ph.D Linguist

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