Romanian language lesson of the week: Adverbs and adverbial phrases (Adverbe și expresii adverbiale)


The adverbs are important parts of speech in Romanian. If you want to use an adverb into a sentence, you can say the adverb in front of the verb or after the verb. Its position is not fixed.

[audio:http://www.romania-insider.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/adverbs1.mp3|titles=adverbs]

Example (Exemple)

Acum am de scris un email (I have to write an email now) or

Am de scris un email acum.

Usual adverbs in Romanian (Adverbe uzuale în limba română)

acum = engl. now

aici = engl. here

acolo = engl. there

ieri = engl. yesterday

alaltăieri = engl. the day before yesterday

astăzi (azi) = engl. today

mâine = engl. tomorrow

poimâine = engl. the day after tomorrow

mereu / întotdeauna = engl. always

niciodată = engl. never

uneori = engl. sometimes

Adverbial phrases (Expresii adverbiale)

în fiecare zi = engl. every day

în fiecare dimineață = engl. every morning

în fiecare seară = engl. every evening

acum 3 zile (cu 3 zile în urmă) = engl. three days ago

săptămâna aceasta (asta) = engl. this week

anul acesta (ăsta) = engl. this year

săptămâna trecută = engl. last week

anul trecut = engl. last year

săptămâna viitoare / următoare = engl. next week

anul viitor / următor = engl. next year

Remarks (Observații)

The adverbial phrase “în fiecare zi” is used only when it expresses a time point.

Ex.: Merg la piață în fiecare zi (I go to the market every day).

If we have a sentence like “Every day is beautiful”, the translation in Romanian is: Fiecare zi este frumoasă, because “every day” (“fiecare zi”) is the subject of our sentence.

In this case, we don’t use the preposition “în” in front of the phrase. The rule is available for all the similar phrases (în fiecare dimineață – every morning, în fiecare seară – every evening, în fiecare an – every year).

The difference between the phrases “săptămâna trecută / viitoare” and “anul trecut / viitor” is as follows: “săptămâna” is a feminine noun and “anul” is a masculine noun. In Romanian, the first word of a phrase is usually the noun. If the noun is masculine / feminine, the adjective will be in the masculine /feminine as well. In our case, “trecută / viitoare” is feminine and “trecut / viitor” is masculine.

Exercise (Exercițiu)

Write sentences using the next adverbs and phrases:

acum (now), mâine (tomorrow), în fiecare zi (every day), săptămâna viitoare (next week).

Mona Pologea, Ph.D Linguist

Romania Insider
Free Newsletters

Be up to speed with what’s happening in Romania! Choose from our 7 newsletters, covering the entire array of business, social, politics, and entertainment news

Subscribe now