Romanian language lesson: Members of the family

Let’s learn the members of the family. The abbreviations used are the following:

s.f. = substantiv feminin (feminine noun)

s.m. = substantiv masculin (masculine noun)

The plural form is indicated before abbreviation.

mamă, ‑e (s.f.) = engl. mother

tată, tați (s.m.) = engl. father

frate, frați (s.m.) = engl. brother

soră, surori (s.f.) = engl. sister

soț, ‑i (s.m.) = engl. husband

soție, ‑i (s.f.) = engl. wife

noră, nurori (s.f.) = engl. daughter‑in‑law

ginere, gineri (s.m.) = engl. son‑in‑law

cumnat, cumnați (s.m.) = engl. brother‑in‑law

cumnată, -e (s.f.) = engl. sister-in-law

văr, veri (s.m.) = engl. cousin

verișoară, ‑e (s.f.) = engl. cousin

nepot, nepoți (s.m.) = engl. nephew

nepoată, ‑e (s.f.) = engl. niece

bunic, ‑i (s.m.) = engl. grandfather

bunică, ‑i (s.f.) = engl. grandmother

socru, ‑i (s.m.) = engl. father‑in‑law

soacră, ‑e (s.f.) = engl. mother‑in‑law

naș, ‑i (s.m.) = engl. godfather

nașă, ‑e (s.f.) = engl. godmother


When we talk about a couple, we use the masculine form in the plural.

Example: Bunicii mei sunt înțelepți (my grandparents are wise).

The adjective agreement is made also in the masculine plural (“înțelepți” is masculine plural).

Mona Pologea, Ph.D. Linguist

ROLANG School Managing Director

Romania Insider
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