Romanian language lesson: Members of the family

Let’s learn the members of the family. The abbreviations used are the following:

s.f. = substantiv feminin (feminine noun)

s.m. = substantiv masculin (masculine noun)

The plural form is indicated before abbreviation.

mamă, ‑e (s.f.) = engl. mother

tată, tați (s.m.) = engl. father

frate, frați (s.m.) = engl. brother

soră, surori (s.f.) = engl. sister

soț, ‑i (s.m.) = engl. husband

soție, ‑i (s.f.) = engl. wife

noră, nurori (s.f.) = engl. daughter‑in‑law

ginere, gineri (s.m.) = engl. son‑in‑law

cumnat, cumnați (s.m.) = engl. brother‑in‑law

cumnată, -e (s.f.) = engl. sister-in-law

văr, veri (s.m.) = engl. cousin

verișoară, ‑e (s.f.) = engl. cousin

nepot, nepoți (s.m.) = engl. nephew

nepoată, ‑e (s.f.) = engl. niece

bunic, ‑i (s.m.) = engl. grandfather

bunică, ‑i (s.f.) = engl. grandmother

socru, ‑i (s.m.) = engl. father‑in‑law

soacră, ‑e (s.f.) = engl. mother‑in‑law

naș, ‑i (s.m.) = engl. godfather

nașă, ‑e (s.f.) = engl. godmother


When we talk about a couple, we use the masculine form in the plural.

Example: Bunicii mei sunt înțelepți (my grandparents are wise).

The adjective agreement is made also in the masculine plural (“înțelepți” is masculine plural).

Mona Pologea, Ph.D. Linguist

ROLANG School Managing Director