Profile picture for user andreich
Andrei Chirileasa
Editor-in-Chief

Andrei studied finance at the Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies and started his journalism career in 2004 with Ziarul Financiar, the leading financial newspaper in Romania, where he worked for ten years, the last six of which as editor of the capital markets section. He joined the Romania-Insider.com team in 2014 as editor and became Editor-in-Chief in 2016. He currently oversees the daily content published on Romania-Insider.com and likes to stay up to date with everything relevant in business, politics, and life in Romania. Andrei lives with his family in the countryside in Northern Romania, where he built their own house. In his free time, he studies horticulture and tends to his family’s garden. He enjoys foraging in the woods and long walks on the hills and valleys around his village. Email him for story ideas and interviews at andrei@romania-insider.com. 

 

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How many tractors in Romania and what’s the size of the local agriculture equipment market?

Romania has the fifth largest used agricultural area in the European Union (EU), but its agricultural tractor park is significantly smaller than those of similarly-sized agricultural producers such as Poland and Italy. This could be another explanation for why Romania has failed to achieve its full agricultural potential so far. However, this could also represent an opportunity for the local agriculture to boost its output and for agricultural equipment distributors to increase their business in the country.

This article has gathered the most recent statistical data and financial information on the size of Romania's tractor park and the size of the local agricultural equipment market and industry as well as the top players in each of these sectors.

___STEADY_PAYWALL___

Romania’s agricultural tractor park has increased significantly since 2007 when the country joined the European Union and local farmers started to benefit from EU funds. In 2019, Romanian farms had over 221,600 tractors, up from 174,000 in 2007, according to data from the National Statistics Institute (INS). In 2019 alone, local farms increased their inventories with 5,700 such machines.

However, Romania still has a lot to catch up to reach the level of similarly-sized agricultural producers such as Poland and Italy, which boast the biggest tractor parks in the EU. For example, Italy, whose utilized agricultural area (13.15 mln hectares) is slightly lower than Romania’s (13.8 mln hectares), had the most tractors in the EU – 1.75 million in 2002 - according to World Bank data. Meanwhile, Poland, which has an agricultural area slightly bigger than Romania (14.55 mln hectares) had 1.59 million tractors in 2009, nine times more than Romania.

Meanwhile, Romania’s tractor park in 2009 was similarly-sized to those of Portugal, Finland, and Ireland, which have significantly smaller agricultural areas, according to World Bank data.

One explanation for this situation is that Romania has over 3.3 million farms (the most in the EU), but the majority of them are small farms – 1.77 mln worked less than one hectare of land while only 87,000 had more than 10 hectares. Thus, most Romanian farms are too small and inefficient and can’t afford to buy large equipment. They mostly rely on small pieces of equipment.

At the same time, there are no official statistics on the structure of the local tractor park, namely how many of these are new and how many of them are old. There are still many small farms that use old and outdated tractors. There’s no public data on how many new tractors are sold each year in Romania.

Besides tractors, other important segments of the agricultural equipment market include tractor ploughs (163,500 units in 2019), mechanical cultivators (28,500 units), mechanical seeders (74,200), and combines for cereal harvesting (27,600). All these segments recorded increases between 5% and 17% since 2007.

How big is the agriculture equipment market in Romania and which are the top players?

Most of the agricultural equipment distributors are grouped under the activity code (CAEN) 4661 – Wholesale trade with agricultural machinery and equipment. There were 705 companies with this CAEN code in Romania in 2019. These companies had a total turnover of RON 4 billion (EUR 913 million) and combined profits of RON 244 mln (EUR 55 mln) in 2019, according to data from local portal TopFirme.com.

However, not all agricultural equipment distributors are included in this CAEN code. For example, market leader IPSO has a different CAEN code – 4669 – Wholesale trade with other machinery and equipment. Thus, the total market for agricultural machinery and equipment in Romania amounts to over EUR 1 bln per year.

The market leader is IPSO Agricultura, part of the French group Monnoyeur, which is the sole importer for John Deere tractors and equipment in Romania. IPSO had a turnover of RON 902 mln (EUR 186 mln) and a net profit of RON 48.3 mln (EUR 10 mln) in 2019, according to public data.

Next in the ranking is Claas Regional Center, the importer of Claas cereal harvesters, with a turnover of RON 537 mln (EUR 111 mln) in 2019. Other large players are Mewi Import Export, which imports the Fendt and Valtra tractor brands, and Agroconcept Impex, the local distributor for New Holland equipment.

Titan Machinery, which distributes Case tractors and agricultural equipment as well as Case construction equipment, is also among the larger players.

The top 10 is as follows:

 

Company

Turnover 2019 (EUR mln)

Net profit 2019 (EUR mln)

1

IPSO Agricultura

186,1

10,0

2

Claas Regional Center South East Europe

110,8

3,7

3

Mewi Import Export Agrar Industrialtechnik

81,0

5,7

4

Agroconcept Impex

77,5

2,3

5

Agritehnica Service

32,5

1,3

6

Titan Machinery Romania

32,4

1,5

7

Ruris Impex

28,1

4,0

8

Serv Claas

24,0

2,1

9

Husqvarna Padure&Gradina

21,2

2,0

10

NHR Agropartners

16,5

0,1

How big is the agricultural machinery industry in Romania?

During the communist regime, Romania used to produce tractors at the Tractorul plant in Brasov, but the company went bankrupt after 1990. Currently, the site of the former tractor factory is occupied by a mall and residential project.

However, Romania still has a small tractor producer – IRUM Reghin – which tries to carry the local tractor production tradition further. In 2019, Irum had a turnover of EUR 20 mln. The biggest producer of agricultural equipment in Romania is Italian group Maschi-Gaspardo, which has a factory in Arad, which recorded a turnover of EUR 57 mln in 2019. Another local producer is Mecanica Ceahlau, with a turnover of EUR 7.2 mln in 2019.

Overall, the total turnover of the 63 companies in the local agricultural and forestry machinery industry was EUR 116 mln in 2019.

editor@romania-insider.com

(Photo source: Dreamstime.com)

Normal
Profile picture for user andreich
Andrei Chirileasa
Editor-in-Chief

Andrei studied finance at the Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies and started his journalism career in 2004 with Ziarul Financiar, the leading financial newspaper in Romania, where he worked for ten years, the last six of which as editor of the capital markets section. He joined the Romania-Insider.com team in 2014 as editor and became Editor-in-Chief in 2016. He currently oversees the daily content published on Romania-Insider.com and likes to stay up to date with everything relevant in business, politics, and life in Romania. Andrei lives with his family in the countryside in Northern Romania, where he built their own house. In his free time, he studies horticulture and tends to his family’s garden. He enjoys foraging in the woods and long walks on the hills and valleys around his village. Email him for story ideas and interviews at andrei@romania-insider.com. 

 

RI+

How many tractors in Romania and what’s the size of the local agriculture equipment market?

Romania has the fifth largest used agricultural area in the European Union (EU), but its agricultural tractor park is significantly smaller than those of similarly-sized agricultural producers such as Poland and Italy. This could be another explanation for why Romania has failed to achieve its full agricultural potential so far. However, this could also represent an opportunity for the local agriculture to boost its output and for agricultural equipment distributors to increase their business in the country.

This article has gathered the most recent statistical data and financial information on the size of Romania's tractor park and the size of the local agricultural equipment market and industry as well as the top players in each of these sectors.

___STEADY_PAYWALL___

Romania’s agricultural tractor park has increased significantly since 2007 when the country joined the European Union and local farmers started to benefit from EU funds. In 2019, Romanian farms had over 221,600 tractors, up from 174,000 in 2007, according to data from the National Statistics Institute (INS). In 2019 alone, local farms increased their inventories with 5,700 such machines.

However, Romania still has a lot to catch up to reach the level of similarly-sized agricultural producers such as Poland and Italy, which boast the biggest tractor parks in the EU. For example, Italy, whose utilized agricultural area (13.15 mln hectares) is slightly lower than Romania’s (13.8 mln hectares), had the most tractors in the EU – 1.75 million in 2002 - according to World Bank data. Meanwhile, Poland, which has an agricultural area slightly bigger than Romania (14.55 mln hectares) had 1.59 million tractors in 2009, nine times more than Romania.

Meanwhile, Romania’s tractor park in 2009 was similarly-sized to those of Portugal, Finland, and Ireland, which have significantly smaller agricultural areas, according to World Bank data.

One explanation for this situation is that Romania has over 3.3 million farms (the most in the EU), but the majority of them are small farms – 1.77 mln worked less than one hectare of land while only 87,000 had more than 10 hectares. Thus, most Romanian farms are too small and inefficient and can’t afford to buy large equipment. They mostly rely on small pieces of equipment.

At the same time, there are no official statistics on the structure of the local tractor park, namely how many of these are new and how many of them are old. There are still many small farms that use old and outdated tractors. There’s no public data on how many new tractors are sold each year in Romania.

Besides tractors, other important segments of the agricultural equipment market include tractor ploughs (163,500 units in 2019), mechanical cultivators (28,500 units), mechanical seeders (74,200), and combines for cereal harvesting (27,600). All these segments recorded increases between 5% and 17% since 2007.

How big is the agriculture equipment market in Romania and which are the top players?

Most of the agricultural equipment distributors are grouped under the activity code (CAEN) 4661 – Wholesale trade with agricultural machinery and equipment. There were 705 companies with this CAEN code in Romania in 2019. These companies had a total turnover of RON 4 billion (EUR 913 million) and combined profits of RON 244 mln (EUR 55 mln) in 2019, according to data from local portal TopFirme.com.

However, not all agricultural equipment distributors are included in this CAEN code. For example, market leader IPSO has a different CAEN code – 4669 – Wholesale trade with other machinery and equipment. Thus, the total market for agricultural machinery and equipment in Romania amounts to over EUR 1 bln per year.

The market leader is IPSO Agricultura, part of the French group Monnoyeur, which is the sole importer for John Deere tractors and equipment in Romania. IPSO had a turnover of RON 902 mln (EUR 186 mln) and a net profit of RON 48.3 mln (EUR 10 mln) in 2019, according to public data.

Next in the ranking is Claas Regional Center, the importer of Claas cereal harvesters, with a turnover of RON 537 mln (EUR 111 mln) in 2019. Other large players are Mewi Import Export, which imports the Fendt and Valtra tractor brands, and Agroconcept Impex, the local distributor for New Holland equipment.

Titan Machinery, which distributes Case tractors and agricultural equipment as well as Case construction equipment, is also among the larger players.

The top 10 is as follows:

 

Company

Turnover 2019 (EUR mln)

Net profit 2019 (EUR mln)

1

IPSO Agricultura

186,1

10,0

2

Claas Regional Center South East Europe

110,8

3,7

3

Mewi Import Export Agrar Industrialtechnik

81,0

5,7

4

Agroconcept Impex

77,5

2,3

5

Agritehnica Service

32,5

1,3

6

Titan Machinery Romania

32,4

1,5

7

Ruris Impex

28,1

4,0

8

Serv Claas

24,0

2,1

9

Husqvarna Padure&Gradina

21,2

2,0

10

NHR Agropartners

16,5

0,1

How big is the agricultural machinery industry in Romania?

During the communist regime, Romania used to produce tractors at the Tractorul plant in Brasov, but the company went bankrupt after 1990. Currently, the site of the former tractor factory is occupied by a mall and residential project.

However, Romania still has a small tractor producer – IRUM Reghin – which tries to carry the local tractor production tradition further. In 2019, Irum had a turnover of EUR 20 mln. The biggest producer of agricultural equipment in Romania is Italian group Maschi-Gaspardo, which has a factory in Arad, which recorded a turnover of EUR 57 mln in 2019. Another local producer is Mecanica Ceahlau, with a turnover of EUR 7.2 mln in 2019.

Overall, the total turnover of the 63 companies in the local agricultural and forestry machinery industry was EUR 116 mln in 2019.

editor@romania-insider.com

(Photo source: Dreamstime.com)

Normal
 

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