Romania Insider stories: An outpost of civilisation
Paul Wood, our guest writer this week, travels on the banks of the Danube, taking a stroll through the area's history, and giving his own view on a few gems from Romania's treasure trove of undiscovered beauties.
For Romanians, Bulgaria used to be no more than a place to pass through on the way to Greece or Turkey, although now it is a holiday destination in its own right, but for Bulgarians, Romania is a place they don't need to visit at all. This thought crossed my mind as we took the boat across the Danube at the point where the river ceases to be the border between Romania and Bulgaria and flows through Romania towards the Delta. Sailing from one Romanian bank to the other, we passed very close by Silistria in Bulgaria, gerrybuilt tower blocks rearing up with an ugliness which froze the heart, but not landing till we reached Ostrov in Romanian territory.
Under Communism borders between friendly socialist countries were usually impermeable and crossing from Romania to Bulgaria always took an hour before both countries joined the EU in 2007, despite the fact that the customs officers had been bought by local smuggling rings. After the train had waited pointlessly for an hour at Ruse, the Bulgarian port on the Danube, and then slowly started off, young men would emerge to throw black sacks full of merchandise to confederates in the field beside the tracks.
The border at Ostrov runs along the road leading away from the Danube and is a high wire fence that could not keep out any determined smuggler or intrepid illegal immigrant. But on the other side of the fence life 'la bloc' (in the tower block) is as visibly Orwellian in Bulgaria as in Romania.
We were driving 100 miles east of Bucharest, first by the country's only, unfinished, motorway (one of the greatest charms of Romania is its lack of modern roads) then by smaller roads to see the impressive ruins of a tenth century Byzantine fortified town and trading post which marked the furthest limit of the Empire, Pacuiul lui Soare, which now forms a little island in the Danube.
We crossed the Danube by car ferry, a barge which makes little sound and is always a slow poetic affair, and then drove to the village of Chiciu, where we persuaded a peasant, who made many many complaints about the fact that the rain had raised the water level and the motor boat would not work, to row us through the drizzle across the river.
Pacuiul lui Soare was once a thriving town on the Danube trading with the Holy Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire. The town was burnt down in the eleventh century but continued to be inhabited until 1421 or 22 when it was abandoned, probably as a result of Ottoman incursions.
Nine tenths of the town is below the Danube which has often changed its course over the centuries. Mihai brought me fears that in fifteen years time the whole of the ruins will be underwater, but for the time being the foundations of the harbor paradoxically are on dry land as are lower parts of one of the towers from the town walls. The great stone remnants rear up out of the grass and undergrowth and you feel like an explorer coming across an abandoned city in some adventure film. The less dramatic traces of a church also survive and what seems to have been the garrison building.
This was very interesting. Medieval remains are fairly few on the ground in Romania which was the Empire's frontier with the barbarians, but I liked the beauty and peacefulness of the place in the light rain as much as its historical significance. In summer it is very different place, a popular beach place where Romanians barbecue and frolic. I do not much like beaches but I want to come back to this beach this summer and find the other Danube beaches. They and the beaches in the Black Sea have an Amazonian wildness very different from the manicured Communist resorts built along the coast in the Ceausescu period for workers' holidays.
We crossed back over the river and then bravely we tried to reach the nearby Dervent monastery dedicated to St. John the Baptist, a monastery built as recently as the 1920s but a center for pilgrims. Alas the mud engulfed us. At my suggestion Mihai drove onto the farm land alongside the road and there we fell into a ditch. Leaving the car after twenty minutes, we had to trudge hopefully through the cold sleet to the monastery to ask for help.
Not driving, like other forms of avoiding life has its advantages (I am an expert) and while Mihai found a tractor driver and stood in the cold for an hour before the tractor dragged his car to terra fima, I sat in the church and watched the people. The church is not old or interesting from an architectural point of view but the iconostasis is very fine and the whole church is good looking and has a very good feeling.
Two handsome moustached monks in their early thirties, behatted and dressed in long black robes sang plainchant for the ninety minutes I sat there, accompanied occasionally by two lay singers. For much of the time their audience was an ancient monk with a very long beard who sat in one of the chairs and me. Then a series of people, not particularly well-dressed or with particularly intelligent eyes, came in and kissed the icons and walked backwards crouched under the icons - which is the Romanian fashion. It is a very great tragedy that the Reformation destroyed English folk religion. Folk religion and mysticism is the great strength of Romania, one of the main reasons why it is a more civilized country than England.
Here in this part of the world always treated so very badly by landowners and foreign rulers and corrupt local dignitaries it is very easy to see why the Romanian Orthodox church is always voted the most trusted Romanian institution. There are not many to choose from and despite its sins of collaborating with the Communist regime and the Securitate and the occasional scandals about corruption it is rightly trusted. It is the heart of a heartless world, as Marx said, a place of ancient tradition and ceremony in a country which has no others but most of all of course the oracle of God to a people who are profoundly mystical. If the kingdom of heaven belongs to the poor, there are many in Romania who are close to heaven.
The sad thing is that Romania is doomed to economic success which will bring a decline in religious belief. One day, perhaps not far off, Romania will be modern, feminist, pluralistic and comparative religion will be taught to schoolchildren, along with human rights and relativism. Everything flows, as the Danube does. One day, homogeneous, out of date Romania where everyone crosses himself passing a church will be a memory just like the thriving entrepôt of Pacuiul lui Soare.
Dinner was served in the monastery at 6 and would have been fun but Mihai returned at twenty minutes to and we set off for Bucharest, just catching the hourly ferry across the Danube and reached Bucharest before 8 after almost nine hours out of town (we had had no lunch).
I have for years meant to leave Bucharest at weekends and never did. Now I am in full cry after weekend excursions. It seems I was in a rut and falling into one literally has released me metaphorically.
By Paul Wood, guest writer
Paul Wood is the owner of Apple Search, the executive search company, and is writing a book about Bucharest where he has lived since 1998. His personal blog is here.
(photo source: Paul Wood)
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