Romanian hospitals had the lowest number of computer tomography (CT) scanners in the European Union (EU), in 2018 - only 0.8 units per 100,000 inhabitants. At the opposite end, Denmark had 4 such devices per 100,000 inhabitants, followed by Cyprus (3.3) and Bulgaria (2.8), according to the EU statistics office Eurostat.
Romania also had the fewest magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) units relative to the number of inhabitants, namely 0.4 per 100,000 inhabitants. Meanwhile, Finland had 2.7 MRI units per 100,000 inhabitants, followed by Cyprus (2.1) and Italy (1.7).
At EUR 814 per capita (adjusted for differences in purchasing power), Romania spends under a third of the EU average, the lowest level of all member states on healthcare. The share of GDP dedicated to health (4.9%) is also the lowest and significantly below the EU average of 9.9%, according to a European Commission report on Romania’s healthcare system based on 2017 data.
According to the same report, health spending has been decreasing steadily since 2010, reflecting the unstable political situation and following spending cuts to meet fiscal deficit targets.
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Healthcare expenditure in Romania reached only 4.99% of the Gross Domestic Product in 2016, half the average in the...